Young, Whitby and Streoneshalh (A)

Young: Whitby and Streoneshalh

pp 924, col 2–925, col 1 (11 November–11 November)


DONA. (Presents.)

In primis ministrallis de Skarburg xij d.
Item Coco Abbatis quum venit primo vj d.
Item portanti firmam de Crosby xx d.
Item Cantoribus domini Rogeri in die sancti Jacobi xxj d.
Item uni Cithariste domini de Ros xij d.
Item uni Cithariste domini de Scrop xij d.
Item uni cithariste domini Petri de Bukcan xij d.
Item uni cithariste et socio xij d.


Item ludentibus in aula Abbatis ad Natale xij d.
Item Forestario de Hakness eodem die ij s.
Item ministrallis eodem die xxij d.
Item tenenti de Rigcote quum homines de Semar ceperunt pisces pro feno viij d.
Item ludentibus in die circumsionis in aula iij s. iiij d.
Item ministrall. Comitis de Westmorland xx d.
Item servientibus portantis kyds apud Dunsley vj d.
Item servientibus in die carniprenii xij d.
Item uni homini qui ludebat cum Jak (v. sak, perhaps a sackbut). vj d.
Item ministrall. quondam Henrici Percy xx d.
Item uni cithariste dominica ante Purificationem xii d.
Item ministrallo vocato Walton iij s. iiij d.
Item eidem j par. beds pair of beads xx d.


  • Footnotes
    • (Presents.): Young's translation
    • carniprenii: for carnipreuii, ie, Shrove Tuesday, 23 February in 1395
    • (v. … sackbut).: Young's conjecture is unlikely; Jak is probably a personal name
    • dominica … Purificationem: 31 January 1394/5
    • pair of beads: Young's conjecture
  • Record Translation

    pp 924, col 2–925, col 1 (11 November–11 November)


    Gifts. (Presents.)

    First to minstrels of Scarborough 12d
    Likewise to the abbot's cook when he first came 6d
    Likewise to one bringing rent from Crosby 20d
    Likewise to singers of Lord Roger on St James' day 21d
    Likewise to one harper of Lord de Ros 12d
    Likewise to one harper of Lord Scrope 12d
    Likewise to one harper of Lord Peter of Buchan 12d
    Likewise to one harper and his fellow 12d


    Likewise to those who played in the abbot's hall at Christmas 12d
    Likewise to a forester of Hackness on the same day 2s
    Likewise to minstrels on the same day 22d
    Likewise to a tenant of Rigcot when men of Seamer took fish in exchange for hay 8d
    Likewise to those who played on the day of the Circumcision in the hall 3s 4d
    Likewise to minstrels/a minstrel of the Earl of Westmorland 20d
    Likewise to servants carrying kids at Dunsley 6d
    Likewise to servants on Shrove Tuesday 12d
    Likewise to one man who played with Jack 6d
    Likewise to a minstrel formerly of Henry Percy 20d
    Likewise to one harper on the Sunday before the Purification 12d
    Likewise to a minstrel called Walton 3s 4d
    Likewise to the same one set of beads 20d


  • Endnote

    Lord Roger, whose minstrel played at the Abbey on St James' Day (25 July) is very likely Roger Mortimer (1374–98), fourth earl of March and seventh earl of Ulster, whose minstrel also played at the Boothall, Gloucester, in 1393–94. He was the only Roger of sufficiently high rank to be identified simply by his Christian name, having been proposed as a possible candidate for the throne (P&P; R.R. Davies, 'Mortimer, Roger, fourth earl of March and sixth earl of Ulster (1374–1398), ODNB, accessed 27 December 2020).

    'domini de Scrop' is Stephen le Scrope (c 1345–1406), second Baron Scrope of Masham (CP, vol 11, p 564). 'domini de Ros' is William de Ros (c 1369–1414), sixth Baron de Ros of Helmsley, lord treasurer of England. The date of the event is 1394–5, so the reference is unlikely to be to John de Ros, fifth Baron de Ros, who died in 1393 (CP, vol 10, pp 101–3).

    Henry Percy (1364–1403), known as Hotspur, did not inherit his father's earldom and thus was formally known as Henry Percy (Simon Walker, 'Percy, Sir Henry called Hotspur (1364-1403), soldier,' ODNB, accessed 5 January 2021).

    Peter de Bukcan may well be Sir Peter Buckton, steward of Bolingbroke's household and friend of Chaucer. It is not clear who is meant by 'the earl of Westmorland.' The date of the document is 1394–5 but the earldom was not created until 1397. Ralph Neville (c 1364–1425) became the first earl in that year and the reference may be to him if the payment is being made retrospectively. Neville became marshall of England in 1399 and succeeded to his father's barony in 1388 as fourth Baron Neville de Raby; the scribe may have confused this position with his elevation to the earldom in 1397 (CP, vol 12b, pp 553–4).

    Dunsley lies two and a half miles west of Whitby. Rigcot, as the record would imply, is an inland village in contrast to Seamer's coastal situation. Langdale places Rigge-Cote three miles east of Leeds in the wapentake of Agbrigg and Morley; the tenants of the two villages are trading local produce, fish for hay (Langdale, Topographical Dictionary, p 93).

  • Document Description

    Record title: Young, Whitby and Streoneshalh (A)
    Author: Young
    Work title: Whitby and Streoneshalh

    The three Whitby monastic rolls do not appear to have survived, so they are printed here as an antiquarian collection. Although there are three rolls in the collection of the Whitby Museum, none of them contain the entries cited by Young et al. The contents of the rolls have been printed three times: J.C. Atkinson (ed), Cartularium Abbathiæ de Whiteby, Ordinis S. Benedicti, Fundatæ Anno MLXXVIII, Publications of the Surtees Society 72, Vol 2 (Durham, 1881), 606–624; Lionel Charlton, The History of Whitby, and of Whitby Abbey (York, 1779), 260–263; Rev. George Young, A History of Whitby and Streoneshalh Abbey, vol 2 (Whitby, 1817), 923–24. Atkinson's edition, though not the oldest of the transcriptions, has been taken as the base text since it appears to be the most accurate.

    Rev. George Young. A History of Whitby and Streoneshalh Abbey. 2 vols (Whitby, 1817).

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