HRO: 75M72/PW1

p 61


Item for collected for the kingale 12s 0

Item received by the kingale

the first day.

At the first table 12 s. 6 d.
At the second table 11 s. 2 d.
At the third table 12 s. 1 d.
At the fourth table 13 s. 2 d.

The second day.

At the firste table 10 s. 0
At the second table 7 s. 5 d.
At the third table 10 s. 5 d.

The third day.

At the first table 14 s. 2 d.
At the second table 18 s. 2 d.
At the third table 9 s. 1 d.
At the fourth table 11 s. 0
At the fifte table 9 s. 9 d.

The fourth day.

At the first table 10 s. 3 d.
At the second table 8 s. 0
At the third 8 s. 0
At the fourth table 3 s. 4 d.
Item gained by the dice & the horse 11 s. 0
Item for skinns 6 s. 5 d.
Item for wood 2 s. 2 d.
Item of the gifte of Robert Stile 1 s.


p 62 (Expenses)


Inprimis laid out for 2 bushels of mault 4 s. 8 d.
Item for glasses 8 d.
Item for for hops 2 s. 2 d.
Item for a calfe 8 s. 0
Item for a calfe 7 s. 6 d.
Item for 2 Wethers & 4 lambs 27 s. 6 d.
Item for a lambe 4 s. 0
Item for wood 2 s.
Item for a dayes worke 6 d.
Item for fruit & spice 8 s. 11 d.
Item for the lordes liveries 5 s. 8 d.
Item for 4 bushels of mault 9 s. 0
Item for a calfe 7 s. 6 d.
Item for a dayes worke 6 d.
Item for butter 9 d.
Item for resinges & spice 2 s. 6 d.
Item for a calfe & a lambe 8 s. 6 d.
Item for a calfe 4 s. 6 d.
Item to Iohn Towne 2 s. 6 d.
Item for salte 5 d.
Item for vinegre 3 d.
Item for butter & cheese & 2 barrels of beer 10 s. 4 d.
Item for demi hundred fagots 1 s.
Item for 3 loades carriage 3 s.
Item to the musicions 18 s. 8 d.


  • Marginalia
    • recept 15 l. – 11 s. – 4 d. ob.
  • Glossed Terms
    • kinge n in phr kinge ale, kingal, kingale, kingalle, kingeale, kyng ale, kyngale, kyngalle, kynge ale, kyngeale king ale, an inversion of order event in which a king — typically a local young man or farmer — was appointed to preside over the festival; kyng game, kynges game, king play, kynges play, kyng play synonymous with king ale; in phr king halle, kyng halle king hall, likely a bower built for the king of the king ale
    • resinges n pl raisins
  • Endnote

    The left margin of p 61 contains a lengthy memorandum: 'Memorandum in this yeare at or about the feast of all Sayntes Richard ffremantle deliuered the Churchstocke of fowre ewe shepe hetherto in the handes of the said Richard ffremantle vnto Bartholomew Parker of Ramsdel who promiseth & couenanteth for him and his executor admynistrators or assig to the churchwardens for the time beynge to answre the said stocke and the yearely rent of ten pence after two pence haulf peny the shepe.'

    On p 62 a line about 1 1/2 inches long, starting 3/8 of an inch into the left margin, separates the entry for the musicians from the next (for bell ropes). Presumably this line separates the expenses on the king ale above it from the general church expenses below.

  • Document Description

    Record title: St Lawrence's Churchwardens' Accounts
    Repository: HRO
    Shelfmark: 75M72/PW1
    Repository location: Winchester

    The village of Wootton St Lawrence is located about three miles west of the centre of Basingstoke. In the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries the Wither family held the lease of the manor of Wootton (or Manydown) from the dean and chapter of Winchester . Other important landowners in the parish were the Kingsmills and Ayliffes (VCH: Hampshire, vol 4, pp 239–42, British History Online,, accessed 28 October 2018).

    The accounts were at first rendered in November, on 2 November and, later, the 17th. In 1595 they moved to 10 January and then to 14 March 1596, 12 March 1597, 14 March 1600 and 1601, 3 April 1602, and 18 March 1603. After that the particular day was no longer recorded. All Saints' Day remained (or returned to being) an important accounting day, because a memorandum of 1613 indicates that anyone holding any of the church stock must on All Saints' Day produce either the stock or a pledge for its security. The churchwardens did not try to balance their budget each year but would allow the church stock to decrease until they felt it needed a boost: the first rate was collected in 1610, when there had been no ale or other big money maker for five years. Other rates followed in 1616, 1619, 1623, 1625, 1635, 1636, 1637, 1638, and 1640 – suggesting that in the late 1630s they decided to make the rate an annual one, as it became after the Restoration.

    Bound inside the manuscript are two leaves of parchment front and back, the original cover. They were identified by the assistant keeper of manuscripts at the British Library in 1951 as fragments of a fourteenth-century manuscript of a philosophical treatise in Latin. In a blank space on the dorse of the last parchment leaf is written, 'The chourche booke off Wotton/ made by thomas Aylyff the ffirst and second yere/ of Pelyp & mary Kyng & quene/ and in ye xx day of ffebryare/ In ye yere of ower lord God .' Other originally blank areas of the parchment manuscript contain memoranda, including a list of goods lent to the church by Thomas Ayleffe (no date, p 4).

    1558–87, 1594–7, 1600–40, 1662–75; English; paper; iii + 128 + ii; 270mm x 194mm; modern pencil pagination (pagination at front includes the two parchment leaves probably originally used as cover); good condition but pages giving accounts of 1598 and 1599 have been torn out, as stubs with writing on them can be seen in between pp 46 and 47 (other gaps may be similarly explained, although the one from 1641 to 1661 may be due to the Civil War interrupting the keeping of records); brown leather binding, probably contemporary with the last quire of paper (accounts from 1662 on), cover tied shut with white leather thongs, title on front cover in black ink and a late 17th-c. hand: '1558–1675 | Churchwardens Book | Wootton St Lawrence.'

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