Hampshire, Weyhill, 1564–5
HRO: 59M78A/PW1

f [10v] (13 April 1564–13 May 1565)

Peter noyse & Edward wale beinge churche men did make of the kingale in the ⸢yere⸣ of our lord 1565 xlv s. all thinges discharged


  • Footnotes
    • 1565: underlined in MS
  • Glossed Terms
    • kinge n in phr kinge ale, kingal, kingale, kingalle, kingeale, kyng ale, kyngale, kyngalle, kynge ale, kyngeale king ale, an inversion of order event in which a king — typically a local young man or farmer — was appointed to preside over the festival; kyng game, kynges game, king play, kynges play, kyng play synonymous with king ale; in phr king halle, kyng halle king hall, likely a bower built for the king of the king ale
  • Endnote

    This entry is crossed through rather lightly. It does not occur on ff [7v–8] with the rest of the accounts for 1565. This entry is followed on the page by a list of names and amounts in a different hand. These could relate to the king ale but given the rather haphazard use of the folios it might have to do with another matter or a different year. The Noyses must have been important people in Weyhill, as Robert and John also were churchwardens around this time. There are occasional expenses for a pound of wax but no large or unusual expenses in this year to give motive for the king ale.

  • Document Description

    Record title: St Michael's Churchwardens' Accounts
    Repository: HRO
    Shelfmark: 59M78A/PW1
    Repository location: Winchester

    Weyhill is located two and a half miles west of Andover, close to the Wiltshire border. The village's one claim to fame is the Weyhill fair, held on a hill west of the village for six days in late September and early October. The fair is mentioned in Piers Plowman and was Hardy's model for the fair where the mayor of Casterbridge sold his wife (VCH: Hampshire, vol 4, pp 394–9, British History Online, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/hants/vol4/pp394-399, accessed 28 October 2018).

    Most years give only summary accounts and the names of the churchwardens, with the amount left in the church box and any debts carried over. The accounts that contain more detail rarely list expenses but only income from ales, sales of sheep, and debts owed to the parish. No regular accounting year was observed, with accounts being rendered any time between early April and mid-May. Notes regarding such debts are often made several folios later, interrupting the chronological run of summary accounts. An inventory of church goods in 1540 is the earliest record but occurs on f [10].

    1540–1706; English with a few words in Latin; paper; iv (1 modern fly-leaf and 3 parchment leaves) + 70 + ii (1 parchment leaf, 1 modern fly-leaf); 222mm x 148mm; unnumbered; generally good condition, with only a bit of fraying at the edges, but many faded patches; original parchment binding (a badly faded recycled manuscript: notes on inside front cover describe it as a pie recipe from the late 15th c.), rebound in 1917 in grey cardboard with cream reinforcements of corners and binding, title typed on front cover: 'WEYHILL | CHURCHWARDEN'S ACCOUNTS | 1543–1699.'

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