Winchester College Hall Book

Winchester College Archives: 22815

f [13v] (29 September–29 September)

...

die veneris iij fustulatores & baliuus de Ropley ... <...> ad prandium cum socijs...

f [14v]

...

die mercurij ...& pater episcopi/ ad prandium cum sociis

...

f [15v]

...

Die Sabbati Duo histriones ‸⸢ad prandium cum sociis⸣...

...

f [19v]

...

die jouis j Carpentarius & ij fistulatores & j scolaris venientes ad Custodem ad prandium cum sociis...

...

f [20v]

...

Die dominica ij fistulatores & baliuus de Hecstoun ad prandium cum socijs

...

f [37v]

...

die martis ... & iiij istriones ad prandium cum socijs.

...

f [51v]

...

Die mercurij ij fustulatores ad prandium cum socijs.

...

  • Footnotes
    • die veneris: 30 December 1401
    • die mercurij: 4 January 1401/2
    • Die Sabbati: 7 January 1401/2
    • die jouis: 9 February 1401/2
    • Die dominica: 12 February 1401/2
    • die martis: 20 June 1402
    • Die mercurij: 20 September 1402
  • Record Translation

    f [13v] (29 September–29 September)

    ...

    Friday Three pipers and the bailiff of Ropley ... at dinner with the fellows...

    f [14v]

    ...

    Wednesday ...And the bishop's father at dinner with the fellows

    ...

    f [15v]

    ...

    Saturday Two entertainers at dinner with the fellows...

    ...

    f [19v]

    ...

    Thursday One carpenter and two pipers and one scholar coming to the warden at dinner with the fellows...

    ...

    f [20v]

    ...

    Sunday Two pipers and the bailiff of Hexton at dinner with the fellows

    ...

    f [37v]

    ...

    Tuesday ...And four entertainers at dinner with the fellows

    ...

    f [51v]

    ...

    Wednesday Two pipers at dinner with the fellows

    ...

  • Glossed Terms
    • baliuus, -i n m var of baillivus; ballius [DML]
  • Endnote

    The 'pater episcopi' mentioned on f [14v] is more likely to have been the father of the college's boy bishop rather than the father of the bishop of Winchester.

  • Document Description

    Record title: Winchester College Hall Book
    Repository: Winchester College Archives
    Shelfmark: 22815
    Repository location: Winchester

    The hall books were rough accounts in paper booklets kept by the hall steward (this job was rotated weekly between the junior fellows), listing by name in two columns all those eating in hall each day. The totals were entered later in the bursars' accounts, 'Commons' section. The visitors eating in hall were entered at the end of each week, generally across both columns, under the heading of 'Jurnelli,' that is, guests. The listings start on the left with the day of the week followed by a list of guests, usually without commas or virgules, and then a formulaic entry such as 'ad prandium/cenam cum socijs' or 'cum famulis.' Sometimes the visitors were listed as eating at the top table with the warden, sometimes with the junior fellows ('socijs'), and sometimes with the servants ('famulis'). This pecking order gives us some idea of the status accorded to the various sorts of visitors.

    There are datings of regnal years on the covers, sometimes the year the book was started and sometimes when it ended. Sometimes there are two entries in different hands; the lengthier one in Latin appears to be contemporary and the other brief one is in a later hand. Each week starts with a Saturday and is not dated but designated by a heading such as '2nd week, 2nd quarter' and then by the days in Latin. These have been given specific dates with reference to H. Chitty, bursar from the 1910s to 30s, who went to considerable lengths to verify the dates and also to establish dates where no cover has survived, through reference to the corresponding account rolls where they exist or else to lists of scholars/fellows and their dates of admission. The accounting period is usually Michaelmas to Michaelmas and the new year begins with the Saturday following Michaelmas (with one or two exceptions). The quarters are divided into thirteen weeks each, although the fourth quarter sometimes contains a fourteenth week to make the first quarter of the next year start on the Saturday after Michaelmas.

    1401–2; Latin; paper and parchment; 52 leaves in 3 quires; 300mm x 115mm; unnumbered; back cover damaged, about half missing; bound in parchment, on cover: '1402 3 H IV,' miscellaneous jottings on both sides of front cover, part of some accounts inside back cover.

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