Book of Fines

Southampton City Archives: SC5/3/1

f 230 (29 September–29 September) (Receipts)


Receued by Mr Studley of Mr Bushe gentleman for hurting one of ye players v s.


f 233 (Payments to the poor)


the 26 of Ianuary geven in reward to the weightes of Southwark xij d.


f 237 (Given to sundry companies of players)


Item geuen in reward the 11 of November to the Earle of Worcesters players xx s.
Item geuen in reward the 5 of may vnto my Lord Morleys players xx s.
Item geuen in reward to the Lord Staffordes players xx s.
Item geuen in reward to the Lord of hertfordes players xx s.
Item geuen in reward the third of August to her maiesties players xl s.
Item the 2 of september to the Lord Staffordes players xx s.


  • Glossed Terms
    • weightes n pl waits
  • Endnote

    'Mr Studley' (f 230) is the merchant and former mayor Andrew Studeley (Butler, Book of Fines, vol 3, p 227). The gentleman named 'Mr Bushe' appears only this once in the Book of Fines, so it is likely he was a visitor to the town.

    The receipt from Mr Bushe (f 230) appears between entries for Easter Monday and Easter Tuesday. These amounts occur at the very end of the receipts, which had gotten to 23 September before these few entries. None of the named companies are specifically recorded as coming at Easter, which occurred on 26 March 1592.

  • Document Description

    Record title: Book of Fines
    Repository: Southampton City Archives
    Shelfmark: SC5/3/1
    Repository location: Southampton

    This account book was started to record only the receipts from 'casualties': here, fines for offences such as fighting, burgesses verbally attacking each other, married men being caught in the stews, and citizens and foreigners buying and selling in violation of the town's ordinances, as well as admission fees paid by those desiring to practise a craft in the city. These receipts provided the mayor with a small fund from which to pay for rewards to players, messengers, noblemen and their servants, and the like, and occasionally for minor repairs to town buildings. After a few years of accounts the payments also begin to be recorded here, so that in fact the accounts are not just a record of fines, but are the complete mayors' accounts. In the second half of the sixteenth century the accounts, especially the payments, become more detailed and broader in content, including much more extensive expenses for construction and repair, and detailed accounts for poor relief. The accounting year runs from Michaelmas to Michaelmas. The Book of Fines has been transcribed by Butler, Book of Fines, 3 vols.

    The dating of these accounts by regnal years gets a year out of step with the heading of the 1573–4 accounts as 16–17 Elizabeth (f 147r), following the accounts for 14–15 Elizabeth: there is no set of accounts headed 15–16 Elizabeth. The error was only rectified in 1586–7, which is correctly headed 28–9 Elizabeth. (1585–6 is also, incorrectly, labeled 28–9 Elizabeth.) Dates given within the accounts are correct, further revealing the error, as in the accounts for 1576–7, which are headed 19–20 Elizabeth (which would be 1577–8) but twice dated internally to June and July 1577.

    29 September 1488–29 September 1594; English with some Latin; paper; 252 leaves; 417mm x 285mm; modern pencil foliation (numbering in upper right corner of the rectos has been used throughout rather than numbering of some folios at bottom left, which is often 1 higher than the correct numbering but has been used by Cheryl Butler in her edition); good condition (only last 2 leaves have lost any written space, several leaves lost between ff 41 and 42, so there are no accounts for 1514–15, 1515–16, or 1516–17, many different hands; contemporary parchment cover in poor condition, title on front of cover much faded.

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