Book of Fines

Southampton City Archives: SC5/3/1

f 188 (29 September–29 September)(Payments)


Given my lorde of Oxfordes players vj s. viij d.


Paide the Quenes players ij li.


f 188v


Laide out for Liveries for the officers

this yeare as ffolloweth in Anno 1583


To Peter breame j yearde 2 quarter 1/2

To henrye Myles j yeard 2 quarter

To thomas Williams j yeard 2 quarter 1/2

To thomas Breame j yeard 2 quarter

To Symon Reston j yard 2 quarter

To Henry helliar j yeard q 3 quarter

Soe the saide Lieveries dothe amount vnto 51 yardes 1/2 quarter at 8s 8d the yeard amountes to xxij li. iij s. j d.
  • Endnote

    All these entries are linked by a bracket on the right, to the right of which the total ('Lj yeardes 1/2 quarter') is written. 'henrye Myles' is likely the 'henrie the Minstrell' who was given his freedom in 1579–80 for 'keping of the waightes.' The names that immediately follow Myles' and receive the same amount of cloth (Thomas Williams, Thomas Breame, and Simon Reston) may be those of other civic musicians. 'Peter breame' was a glasier who played the drum and flute for musters, as the accounts for 1568–9 indicate (f 126, and see Butler, Book of Fines, vol 3, p xxxviii). Henry Helliar was also paid for solder for the gutters of the west hall (f 188).

  • Document Description

    Record title: Book of Fines
    Repository: Southampton City Archives
    Shelfmark: SC5/3/1
    Repository location: Southampton

    This account book was started to record only the receipts from 'casualties': here, fines for offences such as fighting, burgesses verbally attacking each other, married men being caught in the stews, and citizens and foreigners buying and selling in violation of the town's ordinances, as well as admission fees paid by those desiring to practise a craft in the city. These receipts provided the mayor with a small fund from which to pay for rewards to players, messengers, noblemen and their servants, and the like, and occasionally for minor repairs to town buildings. After a few years of accounts the payments also begin to be recorded here, so that in fact the accounts are not just a record of fines, but are the complete mayors' accounts. In the second half of the sixteenth century the accounts, especially the payments, become more detailed and broader in content, including much more extensive expenses for construction and repair, and detailed accounts for poor relief. The accounting year runs from Michaelmas to Michaelmas. The Book of Fines has been transcribed by Butler, Book of Fines, 3 vols.

    The dating of these accounts by regnal years gets a year out of step with the heading of the 1573–4 accounts as 16–17 Elizabeth (f 147r), following the accounts for 14–15 Elizabeth: there is no set of accounts headed 15–16 Elizabeth. The error was only rectified in 1586–7, which is correctly headed 28–9 Elizabeth. (1585–6 is also, incorrectly, labeled 28–9 Elizabeth.) Dates given within the accounts are correct, further revealing the error, as in the accounts for 1576–7, which are headed 19–20 Elizabeth (which would be 1577–8) but twice dated internally to June and July 1577.

    29 September 1488–29 September 1594; English with some Latin; paper; 252 leaves; 417mm x 285mm; modern pencil foliation (numbering in upper right corner of the rectos has been used throughout rather than numbering of some folios at bottom left, which is often 1 higher than the correct numbering but has been used by Cheryl Butler in her edition); good condition (only last 2 leaves have lost any written space, several leaves lost between ff 41 and 42, so there are no accounts for 1514–15, 1515–16, or 1516–17, many different hands; contemporary parchment cover in poor condition, title on front of cover much faded.

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