Steward's Accounts

Southampton City Archives: SC5/1/2

f 1(29 September–29 September)

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Et in denarijs solutis & datis xviijo die Octobris minstrel' ducis Bedfordie per mandatum maioris vj s. viij d.

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f 1v

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Et in denarijs datis minstrell' comitis de Huntyngdon iij s. iiij d.

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f 2

Et in denarijs datis mins<...>// Cardin<...>

Et in petro lokier pro emen<...> ap<...>

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f 2v

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Et in denarijs datis minstrell' Wintonie videlicet xiijo die Ianuarij xx d.

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Et in seruicia empta de vxore Ricardi march minstrelli apud Cutthorn per preceptum maioris viij d.

f 3v

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Et in expensis factis apud Wyntoniam xjo die maij per Will Georgium Vske & Willelmum fflecher eo quod dicti fuerunt manucaptores Ricardi march Iohannis Goddislond & Willelmi Goldfynch qui arestati fuerunt ad sectam Walteri hore tunc maioris Wintonie & adrespondendi dicto Waltero coram Iusticiario pacis ad proximam cessionem pro victualibus in gentaculo v d. ob. Et <.> in vino & seruicia datis Iohanni huntte Ianitori cum ceteris seruientibus ⸢vicecomiti⸣ facientibus obligacio(n)em vij d. & in exspensis equorum vj d. Et pro predictis equis xij d. summa ij s. vj d. ob.

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f 4

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Et pro xij vergis panni stragulati emptis de Roberto Pyle de Sarum pro vestitu Mynstrellorum de Suthamptonie preciatis xvj s. & in tonsura careagio & costez de eodem xx d. Et pro v virgis & j quart ross e panni pro eisdem emptis de Iacobo Thyrletheramp xij s. iij d. summa xxix s. vj d.

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f 4v

Et in denarijs datis minstrell' domini comitis de Warrwyke vna cum expensis factis in cena eorundem per Iohannem Estwell v s.
Et in vadijs solutis Ricardo March Iohanni Goddislond & Willelmo Goldefynche minstrellis pro termino sancti Iohannis Baptiste xx s.

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Et pro expensis factis apud Wintoniam videlicet in festo sancti swithini ad cessionem pro coram vicecomite & Iusticiario pro deliberacio(n)e minstrellorum vt prius recitata pro iios dies xij d. & pro expensis equi vij d. & pro dicto eque vj d. Et in vino datis Iohanni Barow Rye Tiwogh & multis Alijs Iuratoribus ibidem ne illo tempore acusarent aliquem nostrorum comburgencium per preceptum Willelmi Chamberleyn xvj d. iij s. v d.

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f 7v

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Et in vadijs solutis Ricardo marsch Iohanni Goddislond & Willelmo Goldfynch minstrellis dicte ville pro termino sancti michaelis xx s.

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f 8

...Et in denarijs datis minstrell' comitis Northumbrie xx d. Et in denarijs datis minstrell' ducis de Gloucetir iij s. iiij d....

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  • Footnotes
    • ducis Bedfordie: John of Lancaster (1389–1435), 1st duke of Bedford, third son of Henry IV
    • comitis de Huntyngdon: John Holland (1395–1447), 14th earl of Huntington, who would become third duke of Exeter in 1443/4
    • Et … iiij d.: payment likely made between 10 and 18 December
    • Cardin<...>: up to 22 characters lost to tear; presumably Henry Beaufort (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester (1404–47) and cardinal (1426/7–47)
    • emen<...>: up to 14 characters lost to tear
    • ap<...>: up to 15 characters lost to tear
    • comitis de Warrwyke: Richard de Beauchamp (1381/2–1439, 13th earl of Warwick
    • termino: 5 minims for min
    • termino … Baptiste: ie, Trinity Term, 31 May–14 July 1434
    • comitis Northumbrie: Henry de Percy (1392/3–1455), 5th earl of Northumberland
    • ducis de Gloucetir: Humphrey of Lancaster (1390–1446/7), 2nd duke of Gloucester, son of King Henry IV
  • Record Translation

    f 1 (29 September–29 September)

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    And in cash paid and given 24 October to a minstrel/minstrels of the duke of Bedfordshire by order of the mayor 6s 8d

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    f 1v

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    And in cash given to a minstrel/minstrels of the earl of Huntingdon 3s 4d

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    f 2

    And in cash given to a minstrel/minstrels of Cardinal <...>

    And to Peter Lokier for purchase <...>

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    f 2v

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    And in cash given to a minstrel/minstrels of Winchester, that is to say, on 13 January 20d

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    And on ale bought from the wife of Richard March, minstrel, at the Cutthorn by order of the mayor 8d

    f 3v

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    And in expenses incurred at Winchester, 11 May, by George Uske and William Flecher, because the said (Uske and Flecher) were mainpernors of Richard March, John Goddislond, and William Goldfynch, who were arrested at the suit of Walter Hore, then mayor of Winchester, and (because Uske and Flecher) had to respond to the said Walter before the justices of the peace at the next session, for food at breakfast, 5 1/2d. And in wine and beer given to John Hunt, porter, with the rest of the sheriff's servants doing their duty, 7d. And in the horses' expenses, 6d. And for the aforesaid horses, 12d. In total 2s 6 1/2d

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    f 4

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    And for 12 rods of striped cloth bought from Robert Pyle of Salisbury for clothing of minstrels of Southampton, priced 16s. And on cutting, carriage, and costs of the same, 20d. And for 5 1/4 rods of cloth for the same bought from James Thyrlether, 12s 3d. In total 29s 6d

    ...

    f 4v

    And in cash given to a minstrel/minstrels of the lord earl of Warrick together with expenses incurred on the dinner of the same by John Estwell 5s
    And in wages paid to Richard March, John Goddislond, and William Goldfynch, minstrels, for the term of St John the Baptist 20s

    ...

    And for expenses incurred at Winchester, namely, on the feast of St Swithun at a session before the sheriff and justice, for the liberation of the minstrels, as previously recorded, for two days, 12d, and for expenses of the horse, 7d, and for the said horse, 6d. And in wages given to John Barow, Rye Tiwogh, and many other jurators there lest at that time, they should accuse anyone of our fellow burgesses by order of William Chamberlain, 16d. 3s 5d

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    f 7v

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    And in wages paid to Richard March, John Goddislond, and William Goldfynch, minstrels of the said town, for Michaelmas term 20s

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    f 8

    ...And in cash given to a minstrel/minstrels of the earl of Northumberland, 20d. And in cash given to a minstrels/minstrels of the duke of Gloucester, 3s 4d....

    ...

  • Glossed Terms
    • adrespondeo, -ere, -di, -sum v intr to respond, reply
    • cessio, -onis n f var of sessio [DML]
    • Wintonia, -ie n f Winchester; Wyntonia, -ie
  • Endnote

    The draft accounts for this year have survived and the entry corresponding to the one concerning the cardinal on f 2 is complete in the draft accounts: 'Solui minstrell' Cardinalis per preceptum Iohannis Emery iij s. iiij d.' (f [5v], John Emery was mayor this year.)

    On f 2v, the Cutthorn was the boundary marker of the north-east corner of the city's liberties and was located at the northern end of the modern Southampton Common. The Court Leet traditionally met at that spot (Thick, Southampton Steward's Book, p 91, n 73).

    Entries in the draft accounts (SC5/1/3, f 6) suggest that the minstrels who were given 20d on the 13 January 1433/4 (f 2v) were then given wages for part of the year as minstrels of Southampton, and they continued as the port town's musicians for some years thereafter.

    The entry concerning the minstrel's wages on f 4v does not occur in the list of similar wages paid to all the civic officials, though the next entry is for 20d to Nicholas Clerk of St Michael's for ringing the curfew bell. The latter, however, is a payment for the full year. Seven entries separate the two groups of entries here. The payment of wages on f 7v does occur with other wages paid for that quarter, perhaps suggesting that the payment for the quarter ending at midsummer was unusual in some way.

    The payments to minstrels on f 8 occur in a large group of expenses of the mayor for travel to Waltham, Winchester, and London. However, the rewards to minstrels occur immediately after expenses for the craneman's livery, so these payments were probably given at Southampton by the mayor at various times of the year.

  • Document Description

    Record title: Steward's Accounts
    Repository: Southampton City Archives
    Shelfmark: SC5/1/2
    Repository location: Southampton

    The steward's accounts run from Michaelmas to Michaelmas and cover all areas of civic receipt and expenditure, from land rents to annual payments to civic officials, costs of construction and repair of town structures, and rewards to visiting performers. See the introduction to Gidden (ed), Stewards' Books of Southampton, vol 1, pp iii–xvii, for further discussion. Gidden's edition of the accounts for 1428–34 and 1434–39 includes full transcriptions of those documents, including records relating to drama and minstrelsy. A full set of draft accounts for this year survives, with some substantive differences described in the endnotes; the draft accounts have therefore been separately included (see Steward's Accounts, 1433–4).

    1433–4; Latin; paper; ii + 27 + i; 290mm x 215mm; modern pencil foliation; leaves repaired; modern cardboard cover with original paper cover as first flyleaf.

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